Marshall Middle, previously Marshall Junior High School, was named after Fauquier native and U.S. Supreme Court Chief Justice John Marshall. A fire destroyed the Marshall Junior High facility in 1969; the current building opened as Marshall Junior High School in 1974 as an open school or school without walls. Eventually walls were built to separate the classrooms. A new wing was added in the late 1980's. The school became a middle school in 1995 when FCPS transitioned from the junior high to middle school configuration. A major construction and renovation project was completed in August 2002.